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Peer-Reviewed Library

Mazor Robotics technology has been successfully used in the placement of over 50,000 implants in the United States, Asia and Europe.  Numerous peer-reviewed publications and presentations at leading scientific conferences have validated the accuracy, usability, and clinical advantages of spine surgery with Mazor Robotics technology.

Below is a listing of all published clinical evidence that supports the use of Mazor Robotics technology in spine surgery.  Please visit The National Library of Medicine for complete, full-text articles.


Hyun, et al.  Efficiency of lead aprons in blocking radiation – how protective are they? Heliyon Volume 2, Issue 5. May 2016, Article e00117.


Fujishiro T, Nakaya Y, Fukumoto S, et al. Accuracy of Pedicle Screw Placement with Robotic Guidance System: A Cadaveric Study. Spine 2015;40(24):1882-1889.


Grimm F, Naros G, Gutenberg A, Keric N, Giese A, Gharabaghi A. Blurring the boundaries between frame-based and frameless stereotaxy: feasibility study for brain biopsies performed with the use of a head-mounted robot. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jun 12:1-6. [Epub ahead of print]


van Dijk JD, van den Ende RP, Stramigioli S, Köchling M, Höss N. Clinical pedicle screw accuracy and deviation from planning in robot-guided spine surgery. Spine 2015 Apr 30. [Epub ahead of print]


Hu, X, Scharschmidt, T, Ohnmeiss D. Lieberman,I. Robotic assisted surgeries for the treatment of spine tumors. International Journal of Spine Surgery. Published 3 February 2015.


Kim et al. Monitoring the Quality of Robot-Assisted Pedicle Screw Fixation in the Lumbar Spine by Using a Cumulative Summation Test. Spine 2015;40(2):87-94.


Dreval’ ON, Rynkov IP, Kasparova KA, Bruskin A, Aleksandrovskiĭ V, Zil’bernshteĭn V. Results of using Spine Assist Mazor in surgical treatment of spine disorders. Problems of Neurosurgery Named After N.N. Burdenko. 2014;78(3):14-20.


Onen, Mehmet Resid, Simsek, Mehmet, Naderi, Sait. Robotic Spine Surgery: A Preliminary Report. Turkish Neurosurgery: Volume 24, Number 4, pp 512-518.


Barzilay, Schroeder, Hiller, Singer, Hasharoni, Safran, Liebergall, Itshayek, Kaplan. Robotic assisted vertebral body augmentation – a radiation reduction tool. Spine Journal: 29 October 2013. Web.


Hu, X, Ohnmeiss D. Lieberman,I. What Is the Learning Curve for Robotic-assisted Pedicle Screw Placement in Spine Surgery? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 19 September 2013. Web.


Roser F, Tatagiba M, Maier G, Spinal Robotics: Current Applications and Future Perspectives. Neurosurgery 2013;72:A12–A18.


Bederman SS, Hahn P, Colin V, Kiester, PD, Bhatia NN, Robotic Guidance for S2-Alar-Iliac Screws in Spinal Deformity Correction. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2013 Epub ahead of print.


Marcus HJ, Cundy TP, Nandi D, Yang GZ, Darzi A, Robot-assisted and fluoroscopy-guided pedicle screw placement: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2013 Epub ahead of print.


Hu X, Ohnmeiss D. Lieberman,I. Robotic-assisted pedicle screw placement: lessons learned from the first 102 patients. Eur Spine J 2013;22:661-666.


Ringel F, Stüer C, Reinke A, Preuss A, et al. Accuracy of Robot-Assisted Placement of Lumbar and Sacral Pedicle Screws. Spine 2012;37(8):E496–E501.


Lieberman IH, Hardenbrook MA, Wang JC, Guyer RD, Assessment of Pedicle Screw Placement Accuracy, Procedure Time, and Radiation Exposure Using a Miniature Robotic Guidance System. J Spinal Disord Tech 2012;25:241–248.


Kantelhardt SR, Martinez R, Baerwinkel S, Burger R, Giese A, Rohde V. Perioperative course and accuracy of screw positioning in conventional, open robotic-guided and percutaneous robotic-guided, pedicle screw placement. Eur Spine J. 2011;20(6):860-868.


Devito DP, Kaplan L, Dietl R, Silberstein, et al. Clinical acceptance and accuracy assessment of spinal implants guided with SpineAssist surgical robot: retrospective study. Spine. 2010;35(24):2109-2115.


Schoenmayr R, Kim I-S. Why do I use and recommend the use of navigation? ArgoSpine News & J. 2010;22(4):132-135.


Konovalov NA, Shevelev IN, Kornienko VN, et al. Robotic assistance in spine surgery. Traumatol Orthoped Rus.[Russian language] 2010;2(56);62-63.


Pechlivanis I, Kiriyanthan G, Engelhardt M, et al. Percutaneous placement of pedicle screws in the lumbar spine using a bone mounted miniature robotic system, first experiences and accuracy of screw placement. Spine. 2009;34(4):392–398.


Shoham M, Lieberman IH, Benzel EC, et al. Robotic assisted spinal surgery – from concept to clinical practice. Computer Aided Surgery. 2007;12(2):105–115.


Togawa D, Kayanja MM, Reinhardt MK, et al. Bone-mounted miniature robotic guidance for pedicle screw and translaminar facet screw placement: part 2 – evaluation of system accuracy. Neurosurgery. 2007;60(ONS Suppl 1):ONS129–ONS139.


Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Kayanja MM. Bone-mounted miniature robotic guidance for Pedicle Screw and Translaminar facet screw placement: part I – technical development and a test case result. Neurosurgery. 2006;59(3):641-650.


Joskovicz L, Shamir R, Freiman M, et al. Image-guided system with miniature robot for precise positioning and targeting in keyhole neurosurgery. Computer Aided Surgery. 2006;11( 4):181–193.


Sukovich W, Brink-Danan S, Hardenbrook M. Miniature robotic guidance for pedicle screw placement in posterior spinal fusion: early clinical experience with the SpineAssist. Int J Med Robotics Comput Assist Surg. 2006;2:114–122.


Barzilay Y, Liebergall M, Fridlander A, Knoller N. Miniature robotic guidance for spine surgery – introduction of a novel system and analysis of challenges encountered during the clinical development phase at two spine centres. Int J Med Robotics Comput Assist Surg. 2006;2:146–153.


Shoham, M, Burman, M, Zehavi, E, Joskowicz, L, Batkilin, E, Kunicher Y. Bone mounted miniature robot for surgical procedures: concept and clinical applications. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. 2003;19(5):893-901.


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